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Initially, the rising Principality of Hungary ("Western Tourkia" in medieval Greek sources) His first-born son, Saint Stephen I, became the first King of Hungary after defeating his pagan uncle Koppány, who also claimed the throne.
Under Stephen, Hungary was recognized as a Catholic Apostolic Kingdom.
Following centuries of successive habitation by Celts, Romans, West Slavs, Gepids and Avars, the foundation of Hungary was laid in the late 9th century by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád in the conquest of the Carpathian Basin.
His great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting the country to a Christian kingdom.
The word magyar is taken from the name of one of the seven major semi-nomadic Hungarian tribes, magyeri.
The first element magy is likely from Proto-Ugric *mäńć- 'man, person', also found in the name of the Mansi people (mäńćī, mańśi, måńś).
The "H" in the name of Hungary (and Latin Hungaria) is most likely due to early ill-founded historical associations with the Huns, who had settled Hungary prior to the Avars.
In 1241–1242, the kingdom received a major blow with the Mongol (Tatar) Invasion.As a substantial actor in several industrial and technological sectors, Hungary performs well in international rankings: it is 20th in quality of life, 24th in Good Country Index, 28th in inequality-adjusted human development, 32nd in the Social Progress Index, 33rd in Global Innovation Index and ranks as the 15th safest country in the world.